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Cloze Test and Vocabulary For IBPS Clerk Mains: 2019

Directions (1-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 10. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. . If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice.

Q1. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.

Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 support
 undermine
 enhance
 frustrating
 Both (a) and (b)

Q2. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 pulped
 grasped
 grappled
 Both (b) and (c)
 divluged

Q3. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 disengaged
 secede
 Both (a) and (b)
 quailed
 resurrected

Q4. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 entreat
 Both (a) and (c)
 invoked
 effect
 relied

Q5. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 Both (b) and (e)
 inundate
 rewarding
 obsequious
 punitive

Q6. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 assisting
 decent
 malicious
 blatant
 Both (a) and (b)

Q7. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 enlarging
 curtail
 diminishing
 Both (a) and (b)
 addle

Q8. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 enmity
 collateral
 Both (a) and (d)
 triumph
 deception

Q9. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 looming
 Both (d) and (e)
 jerking
 tweak
 goad

Q10. Literary freedom is taken for granted in democracies, but forces that threaten or (1)……………………. it are always at work. Each age has to fight the battle afresh. In recent times, several attempts to get books withdrawn, (2)……………………… or sanitised of offending content have achieved full or partial success in India. Wendy Doniger’s The Hindus: An Alternative History was withdrawn from circulation, and A.K. Ramanujan’s essay ‘Three Hundred Ramayanas’ was dropped from a Delhi University syllabus. Tamil writer Perumal Murugan’s Madhorubagan (One Part Woman) was withdrawn by the author under mob pressure but (3)………………………….. by a Madras High Court verdict. Public order, national unity and social or religious harmony are the principles commonly (4)………………. against the practice of literary freedom. Threats to free expression, especially artistic freedom, in our times mainly come from those claiming to espouse the interests of a particular religion or social group. It is in this context that Shashi Tharoor, Congress MP and writer, has introduced a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to protect freedom of literature. Its objective — that “authors must be guaranteed the freedom to express their work without fear of (5)…………………….. action by the State or by sections of society” — commends itself to any society that upholds liberal values. It seeks the omission of three IPC sections, including 295A, in effect a non-denominational blasphemy law, as it targets deliberate or (6)……………………….. acts to outrage religious feelings.


Section 295A is a grossly misused section, often invoked in trivial ways to hound individuals, harass writers and (7)……………….. free expression. It deserves to be scrapped. Sections that relate to the sale of obscene books and uttering words that hurt religious feelings are also sought to be omitted. However, it is unclear why Section 153A, which punishes those who promote (8)……………….. between groups on grounds of religion, race or language, and Section 153B, which criminalises words and imputations prejudicial to national integration, do not draw Mr. Tharoor’s attention. In the process of proscribing a book, he proposes a (9)…………………….. in the form of a 15-day prohibition. Thereafter, the onus should be on the State government to approach the High Court to seek a permanent ban. It favours the scrapping of the provision in the Customs Act to ban the import of books, but makes a public order exception. Private Bills rarely become law, but they are useful in highlighting gaps in the body of law. Seen in this light, Mr. Tharoor’s initiative is most welcome as a step towards removing or diluting penal provisions that (10)………………….. literary freedom.

 Both (b) and (d)
 catapult
 awaken
 inhibit
 coup

Directions (11-15): In each of the questions below, there is a word given in bold which is followed by five options. In each of the options, a pair of words is given which is either the pair of synonyms or antonyms or synonym & antonym of the word given in bold. Choose that pair as your answer.



Q11. Dire

 Promote: Boost
 Dreadful, appalling
 Fanatic: Enthusiast
 Intense: Depth
 Disconcert: Perturb

Q12. Elicited
 Confiscation: Requisition
 Extract, evoke
 Acclaim: Exalt
 Frugal: Parsimonious
 Friendly: Comradely

Q13. Mooted
 Despicable: Abhorrent
 Deceitful: Disingenuous
 Cognizant: apprised
 Broach, mention
 Critic: Writer

Q14. Espouse
 Flexible: Intransigent
 Shallow: Insubstantial
 Adopt, reject
 Authoritative: Authentic
 Fatal: Lethal

Q15. Frantic
 Berserk, placid
 Furtive: Sly
 Meddle: Interfere
 Taint: Spoil
 Vicinity: Proximity













 SOLUTIONS

1.B
2.A
3.E
4.C
5.E
6.C
7.B
8.A
9.D
10.D
11.B
12.B
13.D
14.C
15.A

5 Banking and SSC : Cloze Test and Vocabulary For IBPS Clerk Mains: 2019 Directions (1-10): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 1 to 10. They are to be filled with the options give...

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