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English Quiz for NIACL AO Mains 2019 Exam:

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below.

When the fresh air gets polluted by means of dust, toxic gases, smoke, motor vehicles, mills and factories, etc. called air pollution. (A) As we all know that fresh air is the most important element of a healthy life, we need to be think that what happens if whole atmospheric air gets dirty. First of all air pollution is the matter of great regret for the whole human fraternity. Some of the big reasons of the air pollution are use of poisonous fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides in the agricultural sectors by the innocent farmers in order to increase the crop production. Released chemicals and (B)------------------ gases (ammonia) from such fertilizers are getting mixed into the fresh air and causing air pollution.

Burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum including other factory combustibles are the major causes of air pollution. Variety of smoke emissions from the automobiles such as cars, buses, motorcycles, trucks, jeeps, trains, aeroplanes, etc. are also causing air pollution. Increasing number of industries is causing release of (C)---------------- industrial smokes and harmful gases (like carbon monoxide, organic compounds, hydrocarbons, chemicals, etc.) from the factories and mills to the environment. Some indoor activities of the people like innocent use of cleaning products, washing powders, paints etc. emits various toxic chemicals to the air.

The ever increasing level of air pollution also enhances its negative and harmful effects to the health of living beings. (D) Air pollution is causing global warming to increase because of increasing atmospheric temperature due to the increasing level of green house gases. Such green house gases again causing green house effect and forcing sea levels to increase, glaciers to melt, weather to change, climate to change, etc. Increasing air pollution is causing many lethal diseases (cancer, heart attack, asthma, bronchitis, kidney diseases, etc.) and death to occur. Various important animals and plants species have been destroyed completely from this planet. Increasing level of harmful gases in the environment are causing the occurrence of acid rain and depleting the ozone layer.

Q1. In the passage given, a sentence (A) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 As we all know that fresh air is
 the most important element of a
 healthy life, we need to be think
 that what happens if whole atmospheric air gets dirty
 No error

Q2. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (B) in the above paragraph to make it grammatically correct and meaningful. Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful.
(i) Certain pesticides should be banned since they are ------------------------ to the environment.
(ii) Emissions coming from glues and dyes used to install carpeting are ---------------------------.
 danger
 hazardous
 calamity
 dramatic
 None of the above

Q3. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (C) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 instilled
 low
 durable
 toxic
 harmed

Q4. In the passage given, a sentence (D) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 Air pollution is causing
 global warming to increase because
 of increasing atmospheric temperature
 due to the increasing level of green house gases
 No error

Q5. Which of the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word INNOCENT given in BOLD in the above passage?
 virtuous
 guilty
 immoral
 sinful
 stained

Directions (6-10): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of this part is your answer. If no such error is there, mark (e) as your answer.

Q6. Iran has concluded the formal celebrations (A)/of the 40th anniversary of the Islamic (B)/revolution at a time when the regime (C)/is inside serious global, regional and domestic pressure. (D)/
 A
 B
 C
 D
 No error

Q7. Scientists have identified a potential (A)/universal influenza vaccine (B)/that could protecting people (C)/against most strains of the virus. (D)/
 A
 B
 C
 D
 No error

Q8. Modern viral vaccines typically use (A)/lab-grown viral proteins too elicit (B)/an immune response that protects (C)/people against future exposures to a virus. (D)/
 A
 B
 C
 D
 No error

Q9. A lot of forests are at (A)/risk in Meghalaya because (B)/they are being converted into (C)/permanent open cultivation. (D)/
 A
 B
 C
 D
 No error

Q10. Scientists are trying (A)/to tracing the migration (B)/pattern of basking sharks (C)/with satellite trackers. (D)/
 A
 B
 C
 D
 No error

Directions (11-15): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are five options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q11. The get together effort of the human beings all over the world may help in --------------------------- the level of air pollution.
 succumb
 curb
 controlling
 gliding
 slip

Q12. New Caledonian crows identify the best plants for --------------------------- hunting hooks from among myriad shrubs in the forest undergrowth, researchers said on Wednesday.
 fashioning
 curbing
 guide
 decorate
 fury

Q13. Each generation comes up with its set of ideas and opinions and ---------------------- towards the development of the society.
 active
 soar
 articulate
 give
 contributes

Q14. A nation that has energetic, curious and hard working youth and is able to provide them -------------- opportunity to work and grow builds a strong base for its own development.
 rage
 destitute
 substitute
 ample
 less

Q15. Youth must play an active role in the growth and development of the country rather ------------- being at the receiving end.
 then
 than
 when
 instead
 weather












SOLUTIONS

1.C
2.B
3.D
4.E
5.A
6.D
7.C
8.B
9.E
10.B
11.C
12.A
13.E
14.D
15.B

5 Banking and SSC : English Quiz for NIACL AO Mains 2019 Exam: Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below. When the fresh air gets polluted by means of...

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