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English (Reading Comprehension) Quiz: For SBI PO 2019

Directions (1-8): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below.

Health Education constitutes educational programs directed towards improving the state of health and hygiene among individuals and communities. (A) Health Education provides information about the factors that affect the health and hygiene of an individual or a community. One of the main strengths of Health education in India is the presence of an (B)------------------ multi- level infrastructure both in the government and non- government sectors. The central health education bureau works in collaboration with the state health education bureau, up to the block level. Another strength of Health education in India is an efficiently trained work force. Majority of health educators in India are either graduate or post graduate. Another strength of health education in India lies in the successful information (C)------------------ throughout its states, despite the linguistic variations. India has 15 official languages and several local dialects; even then health education programs are able to successfully convey the message.
(D) Weaknesses of the health education in India include high dependability on print media, lack of research and conventional training methods of educators, inability to reaching all the remote villages and no avenues of professional growth for health educators. Most of the campaigns on health education, either in government or non- government sector rely on print media for promotion; through, newspapers, posters and pamphlets. (E) Around 40% of Indians are unable to read or write, which defeats the purpose as the ground fails to reach the uneducated at promotion level. Another weakness of Health education in India is the absence of better growth avenues for the functionaries. Because of not being properly organized, the profession is non- lucrative for youths, who rather opt for other more promising professional courses. Also, the mode of training and education in public health is conventional and there is a dire need to (F)---------------- modern techniques along with better exposure to the professionals.
One of the best ways to improve the state of public health education in India is to let a well- trained workforce reach out to people in remote areas. More emphasis should be given on interacting with the villagers on occasions of public gathering like – fares, markets etc. Moreover, methods like plays, folk shows should be used to convey the message, rather than print media. People visiting hospitals and clinics are more conscious about health issues and so efforts must be made to educate them. They naturally tend to be more receptive and benefit from the programs. Schools could also play a significant role in spreading health education. (G) Schools are the best place to interact with children belonging to different sections of society. Teachers could be adequately trained to impart health education to the children. Children on the other hand could share their knowledge with their parents, relatives and friends. Also, it should be made compulsory for any medical professional to serve a fixed tenure in some remote village, where s/he is vested with the responsibility of educating people about health and hygiene along with addressing their ailments.
It is (H)--------------------- for India to improve to a never seen before standards of health. For which it also necessary to target the marginalized sections of Indian society; for it is them who are deprived of basic health amenities and are oblivious of many health concerns. There is a need to open new avenues of health education, at ground level as well as strengthening the infrastructure related to health education.

Q1. In the passage given, a sentence (A) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 Health Education provides information
 about the factors that
 affect the health and hygiene
 of an individual or a community
 No error

Q2. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (B) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 unauthorized
 abrupt
 adequate
 loose
 sanctioned

Q3. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (C) in the above paragraph to make it grammatically correct and meaningful. Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful.
(i) Because the soldier had saved his entire unit, the president gave him ---------------------- for his wartime crimes.
(ii) Families were shocked to learn that the state had been given ------------------------ from a city law in order to build a prison near their subdivision.
 dispensation
 contract
 eligible
 devise
 elitism

Q4. In the passage given, a sentence (D) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 Weaknesses of the health education in India include high
 dependability on print media, lack of research and conventional training
 methods of educators, inability to reaching all the remote villages and
 no avenues of professional growth for health educators.
 No error

Q5. The sentence given in (E) has four words given in BOLD. Amongst the given BOLD words which of the following must replace each other to make the sentence contextually correct and meaningful.
 defeats- ground
 unable- defeats
 ground- unable
 ground- promotion
 No change required

Q6. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (F) in the above paragraph to make it grammatically correct and meaningful. Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful.
(i) The activists marched and protested to ------------------------- schools so children of all races could learn together.
(ii) The data administrator is going to --------------------- the databases so we can work in one system instead of two.
 manifest
 contradict
 joining
 integrate
 None of the above

Q7. In the passage given, a sentence (G) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 Schools are the best place
 to interact with children
 belonging to different
 sections of society.
 No error

Q8. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (H) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 insisted
 imperative
 cruise
 motivating
 relaxing

Directions (9-15): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below.

Sustainable development aims to preserve the natural resources so that even after the current generation used them to meet their needs, there is enough left for the coming generation. And as a matter of fact, even for generations after that. In order to (A)-------------- the sustainable development, the environment is needed to be protected.
Some of the current issues related to environment are global warming and depletion of natural resources. Global warming refers to the permanent climate change of the earth owing to industrial pollution, degradation of the environment, greenhouse gas emission, depletion of the ozone layer which means a –(B)------------------- in the total amount of ozone on earth’s stratosphere. Scientists have proven that the temperature of the earth is increasing and if necessary precautions are not being taken, the situation will be worse which will cause further negative impact on the environment and human health.
Depletion of natural resources is another major concern. (C) With the overpopulation, the consumption of earth’s natural resources is taking place at a fast rate even before they could be replenished. Global warming leads to the low rate of production of agricultural products and with depletion of natural resources adding to it, very soon the mass population of earth will face not only a shortage of food but also shortage of resources to carry out any development process.
In order to overcome the shortage, chemicals are used to increase the production of agricultural products. This not only decreases the value of soil, but also affects human health in a negative way. If the process continues, the inhabitants of the earth are (D)------------------------------. In all these years, plenty of damages have been caused to earth’s environment and its resources. If necessary activities and measures are taken to protect the environment, there is hope that much worse condition could be (E)----------------- if not totally avoided. In order to reduce global warming, protection of forests and wetlands are important. Trees should not be cut until and unless they are absolutely necessary. In such cases, it is required to plant as many trees wherever possible. A single step taken by a huge part of the population can play a major role in protecting the environment. It is also important to conserve natural resources, biodiversity, and wildlife. Apart from that, every inhabitant of the earth should play their part in preventing ozone layer from depletion.
The main ozone-depleting substances are widely used in refrigerators, air conditioners and fire extinguishers. Many refrigerators and air conditioners use Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) and Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) as a refrigerant. These are important elements in causing depletion to the earth’s ozone layer. It is hence important to not use products that use HCFC and CFC as refrigerants. It is also advisable to avoid using aerosol products that use HCFCs and CFCs as propellants. (F) Apart from all these above-mentioned emit, precaution should be taken to measures less carbon to the environment. In order to undergo sustainable development, necessary precaution should be taken to protect the environment. This, in turn, will benefit the present population as well as the coming generations, which is the (G)---------------------------------. Protection of environment hence is an important step in sustainable development.

Q9. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (A) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 maintain
 gain
 profit
 durable
 integrate

Q10. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (B) in the above paragraph to make it grammatically correct and meaningful. Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful.
(i) Better constructed tires mean that spinouts are on the ----------------------.
(ii) A crack in the water tower is causing the water level to ------------------------.
 good
 benign
 decline
 diminishing
 subtract

Q11. In the passage given, a sentence (C) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
 With the overpopulation, the consumption
 of earth’s natural resources
 is taking place at a fast rate
 even before they could be replenished
 No error

Q12. Which of the following phrases should fill the blank in (D) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 going to face serious issues
 gone to face serious issues.
 going too face serious issues.
 going to facing serious issues.
 None of the above

Q13. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (E) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 henceforth
 delay
 prepone
 postponed
 None of the above

Q14. The sentence given in (F) has four words given in BOLD. Amongst the given BOLD words which of the following must replace each other to make the sentence contextually correct and meaningful.
 apart- measures
 apart- emit
 emit- measures
 emit- should
 No change

Q15. Which of the following phrases should fill the blank in (G) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
 ultimate goal off sustainable development
 ultimate goal of sustainable development
 ultimate goal of in sustainable development
 ultimate goal of for sustainable development
 None of the above












SOLUTIONS

1.E
2.C
3.A
4.C
5.D
6.D
7.E
8.B
9.A
10.C
11.C
12.A
13.D
14.C
15.B

5 Banking and SSC : English (Reading Comprehension) Quiz: For SBI PO 2019 Directions (1-8): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below. Health Education constitutes educational pro...

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