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English Quiz For IBPS SO Prelims: 2018

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Radically changing monsoon patterns, reduction in the winter rice harvest and a quantum increase in respiratory diseases- all part of the environmental doomsday scenario which is reportedly playing out in the South Asia. According to United Nations Environment Program report, a deadly three-km deep blanket of pollution comprising a fearsome cocktail of ash, acids, aerosols and other particles has enveloped this region. For India, already struggling to cope with a drought, the implications of this are devastating and further crop failure will amount to life and death question for many Indians. The increase in premature deaths will have adverse social and economic consequences and a rise in morbidities will place an unbearable burden on our crumbling health system. And there is no one to blame but ourselves. Both official and corporate India has always been allergic to any mention of clean technology. Most mechanical two wheelers roll off the assembly line without proper pollution control systems. Little effort is made for R & D on simple technologies, which could make a vital difference to (A) -----------------------------------------.

However, while there is no denying that South Asia must clean up its act, skeptics might question the timing of the haze report. The Johannesburg meet on Rio+10 is just two weeks away and the stage is set for the usual battle between the developing world and the West, particularly the U.S. President, Mr. Bush has adamantly refused to sign any protocol, which would mean a change in American consumption. U.N. environment report is likely to find a place in the U.S. arsenal as it points an accusing finger on countries like India and China. Yet the U.S. can hardly deny its own dubious role in the matter of erasing trading quotas. Richer countries can simply buy up excess credits from poorer countries and continue to pollute. Rather than try to get the better of developing countries, who undoubtedly have taken up environmental shortcuts in their bid to catch up with the West, the U.S. should take a look at the environment profligacy, which is going on within. From opening up virgin territories for oil exploration to relaxing the standards for drinking water, Mr. Bush's policies are not exactly beneficial- not even to Americans. We realize that we are in this together and that pollution anywhere should be a global concern. Otherwise, there will only be more tunnels at the end of the tunnel.

Q1. According to the passage both official and corporate India is allergic to

 failure of monsoon
 poverty and crime
 slowdown in industrial pact
 poverty and inequality
 mention of clean technology

Q2. What should come in place of the blank marked as (A), which will complete the sentence?
 stock market
 people's lives and the environment.
 cloud formation
 corruption in the country
 None of the above

Q3. Which, according to the passage, is a life and death question to many Indians?
 increase in respiratory diseases
 dwindling agricultural yield
 thick blanket of pollution over the region
 failure in crops
 use of clean technology

Q4. Which is SIMILAR to the word PROFLIGACY given in bold?

Q5. Which is OPPOSITE to the word MORBIDITIES given in bold?

Directions (6-10): Which of the following phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence meaningfully correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark “No Change required” as your answer.

Q6. The World Conservation Congress, a summit for governments and civil society, has got under way in Bangkok at a time when competitive pressures on natural resources are at a new high and biodiversity is under unprecedented threat.

 while competitive pressures on
 when competition pressure of
 while competition pressure of
 when competitive pressures off
 No correction required

Q7. Sustainable development envisaging to economic gains and the fruits of progress are equitably distributed in society.
 envisages that economic gains
 envisaging that economic gains
 envisage that economic gains
 envisages the economy gain
 No correction required

Q8. The discussions at the WCU Congress of centered on the universal value that people's welfare should guide all environmental policies.
 are centering on the
 are center on the
 are centered on the
 are centered in those
 No correction required

Q9. There is considerable interesting among consumers and governments in some countries in products manufactured through sustainable methods.
 considerable interesting between
 consider interest between
 consider interest among
 considerable interest among
 No correction required

Q10. The majorities behind the government began to dwindle and agitation started to grow.
 begun to dwindle
 began to dwindling
 begun to dwindling
 began too dwindle
 No correction required

Directions (11-15): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are five options with one word each. Fill up the blanks with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Q11. In a democracy, citizens have the freedom to ------------ laws that violate their idea of dignity.


Q12. The Maharashtra government is neither the first nor alone in expressing its ------------- with the idea of individual liberty in recent times.

Q13. But now, the world that arrives into our consciousness is ------------ by economics, manicured by aesthetes, and monitored by the state.

Q14. What we experience as reality — structured representations and programmed content — is increasingly -------------------- from a simulation.

Q15. There are usually two lawyers in a court case, one being a defendant and the other being a -------------------.



5 Banking and SSC : English Quiz For IBPS SO Prelims: 2018 Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow. Radically changing monsoon patterns, reducti...

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